So you want to transfer some fancy print onto your beloved table? Make it shabby chic or even more vintage – looking? Or perhaps you want to make shabby chic wooden plaque with printed theme on it? This tutorial is for you then.
I will show how to make Shabby Chic furniture with transferring a print onto it.
Most of the techniques of transfer any print onto flat and hard surface are covered on Graphics Fairy website. I however, would like to show you the way I mastered the most – an inkjet print on water decal. I do not say it is the only way, I do not say it is the best way of doing it either. All I say is, you can achieve quite amazing results with this technique, and I will try to explain you HOW TO DO IT, to achieve a results similar to this you can admire on Shabby Chic Nest of Tables of mine.
On the picture below you can see a final effect of this tutotorial:
What is water decal? Well, quoting almighty Wikipedia:
…it is a plastic layer that has printed on it an image that can be moved to another surface upon contact, with the aid of water.
The word is short for ‘decalcomania’, which is the English version of the French word ‘décalcomanie’. The technique was invented by Simon François Ravenet, a French engraver who later moved to England and perfected the process he called “decalquer” (which means to copy by tracing); it became widespread during the decal craze of the late 19th century.
Water slide decals are thinner than many other decorative techniques (such as vinyl stickers) and as they are printed, they can be produced to a very high level of detail.
What is good about it – you can use it on any flat surface regardless its protection, you can transfer decal even on thick layer of polished wax.
1. The things you need to transer a print.
All you need (in order of appearance) is:
1. Water decal paper sheets (made in China, bought on eBay).
Two things to remember – you want it to be inkjet printable (unless you want to use a laser printer) and you want to buy the one with transparent (not white) background.
2. Spray varnish in can (polyurethane)
This one is very important. It was hard to me to find a properly clear varnish. Most of them is slightly yellow-ish and have tendency to get even more yellow during the time. You do not want this, you want a clear, 100% transparent protective coat over your decal and, the most important, over an inkjet print, which is extremely vulnerable to water. The one I use is Rust-Oleum’s ‘Crystal Clear’.
Just regular sharp scissors, fancy enough to precisely cut a paper.
4. Flat tray with a water
I use regular kitchen equipment. You need one big enough to fit you printed decal in it.
5. Paper tissue or towel
You need it to dry up a water form the surface.
6. Ruler and a pencil (optional)
I use the ruler to position my print onto a surface, and the pencil, to mark it on the table. However, if you do not need symmetrical alignment, you can easily skip this position
7. Acrylic varnish (optional)
Last step after transferring the print is to protect it. I use Colron’s ‘Interior Lacquer’, the best for me due to its high clear transparency. It does not yellow over the time. I paint using a brush, but a roller will do a job as well.
You can use any other medium of your choice: polyurethane or wax. Bear in mind however – if your surface was waxed before, you cannot use a varnish on it, you must protect it by putting another wax layer.
2. Printing your design
If you have your image already printed, you may want to skip this part of tutorial.
Read this if you need to print a graphic to transfer on your piece.
For the print itself I chose my favourite Graphics Fairy’s French advert. Now you want to set the quality of print (for the best), colour, and choose a paper you will make print on.
1. Open your file in your defult image viewer. Mine is Windows Live Photo Gallery on Windows 8, but if you use other one the layout may differ. Basic rules remains the same though.
In top bar select Print and then, in selection window Print… again.
2. This will get you to the print settings (a window called Print Pictures), (leave all default) where you click on Options in bottom right corner.
3. In the Printer Settings window select Printer Properties…
4. This will lead you to Document Properties managed by your printer. Make sure you in Paper/Quality tab.
First choose right paper – from drop-down menu for Media select Other Speciality Papers.
Then select Best for Quality Settings.
If you are going to print colour image you can finish your set up right now. However, if you are printing black and white image you want to make sure that your printer will use only black ink. To do it go for Advanced settings.
5. Now find Print in Grayscale: command, usually it is set on Off, so click it and then from drop-down menu choose Black Ink Only
Click OK to close Advanced Settings, then again OK to close Document Properties and then you are ready to print your image. Just before you do this, make sure your water decal sits in the printer facing shiny (printable) side down.
3. Preparing your decal
Before you cut your decal out, you must spray it with polyurethane varnish. There are two reasons to do it. First is protecting the print itself, without this ink would dissolve in water. Second – you strengthen this thin plastic layer which will be transferred onto the furniture.
The best idea to do it outside your living area, this things are both smelly and toxic. Shake the botel vigourisly and spray from 20-30cm distance coverig your sheet evenly. Let it dry in a warm place, it usualy takes around 1 hour.
Preparing the decal you can follow two paths: easy or difficult. Like with every thing in life, easy path is less time-consuming, but results with not-so-great final effect. Difficult path takes some time to finish, but effect you achieve is worth of trying.
What I mean is – you can make the transfer without any cutting out, but then you leave a vast of unprinted plastic on the surface of your table. And that is visible at a certain angle. The more effort you put in cutting your print out, the more authentic your print will be.
I always try to cut out the image dividing it to as many elements as it is possible, trying to get rid of all transparency I can. Doing that, leave little (approx. 1mm width) margin around printed parts of paper.
This is end of first part of tutorial on transferring a print onto wood or furniture.
To find the final steps go to How to make Shabby Chic Furniture with print – transfer of print onto furniture or wood, part 2